Common Complaints During Menstruation

What Are The Most Common Complaints During Menstruation And What To Do About It


11/9/20233 min read

Title: The Most Common Complaints During Menstruation and What to Do About Them


Menstruation is a natural and vital part of a person's reproductive health, yet it often comes with a variety of discomforts and complaints. For many individuals, dealing with the physical and emotional symptoms of menstruation can be challenging. In this article, we will explore some of the most common complaints associated with menstruation and offer practical tips and remedies to help alleviate them.

  1. Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

One of the most prevalent complaints during menstruation is menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea. These cramps are caused by the contraction of the uterine muscles as the body sheds the uterine lining. The severity of cramps can vary from mild to severe and may be accompanied by lower back pain, nausea, and headaches.

What to do:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or naproxen can help alleviate cramps. It's important to follow the recommended dosage guidelines.

  • Applying heat to the lower abdomen can provide relief. A hot water bottle or heating pad can be effective.

  • Engage in light exercise or yoga. Gentle stretches and movements can help relax the muscles and reduce cramping.

  1. Heavy Menstrual Bleeding (Menorrhagia)

Menorrhagia refers to abnormally heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. This condition can be distressing and may lead to fatigue, anemia, and overall discomfort. Heavy bleeding during menstruation may be caused by hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroids, or other underlying health issues.

What to do:

  • Maintain a healthy diet rich in iron to prevent anemia. Foods like leafy greens, lean meats, and fortified cereals can be beneficial.

  • Talk to a healthcare provider about possible treatment options, which may include hormonal birth control, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or other medical interventions.

  • Consider using menstrual products like high-absorbency tampons or menstrual cups for added protection.

  1. Bloating and Water Retention

Many individuals experience bloating and water retention during menstruation. This occurs due to hormonal fluctuations that can lead to fluid retention and abdominal discomfort.

What to do:

  • Stay hydrated and try to reduce sodium intake. Drinking plenty of water can help flush excess fluids from the body.

  • Incorporate diuretic foods like cucumbers, celery, and watermelon into your diet, as they can help reduce bloating.

  • Engage in light exercise, such as walking or gentle yoga, to promote circulation and alleviate bloating.

  1. Mood Swings and Emotional Changes

Hormonal fluctuations can have a significant impact on mood and emotions during menstruation. Many individuals may experience mood swings, irritability, anxiety, or even depression.

What to do:

  • Practice mindfulness techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing exercises, to help regulate emotions and reduce stress.

  • Engage in activities that promote relaxation and self-care, like taking a warm bath, reading, or listening to calming music.

  • Communicate with loved ones about your feelings and let them know how they can support you during this time.

  1. Fatigue and Low Energy

Feeling tired and low on energy is a common complaint during menstruation. Hormonal changes and the physical demands of menstruation can lead to fatigue.

What to do:

  • Prioritize sleep and aim for at least 7-9 hours of restful sleep per night.

  • Maintain a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrients to support energy levels.

  • Consider light, low-impact exercise like walking or gentle yoga to increase circulation and combat fatigue.

  1. Headaches and Migraines

Some individuals may experience headaches or migraines before or during menstruation. These can be triggered by hormonal changes, dehydration, or stress.

What to do:

  • Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.

  • Manage stress through relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, or mindfulness.

  • Consider using over-the-counter pain relievers or seeking medical advice for more severe headaches or migraines.


While experiencing discomfort during menstruation is common, there are various strategies and remedies that can help alleviate these complaints. It's important to remember that what works for one person may not work for another, so it's essential to find what suits you best. If menstrual symptoms become severe or persistently interfere with daily life, it's advisable to consult a healthcare provider for further evaluation and personalized recommendations. Remember, self-care and understanding your body's needs are key to navigating menstruation with comfort and ease.